Environment


Climate

Countries in South Asia are particularly vulnerable to climate change.  Here are some helpful links:

Temperature over time

Top 100 Fossil Fuel Companies

Too hot for humans?

Energy

Several power plants proposed in India and Bangladesh underline the energy dilemmas facing countries of South Asia.  Although large scale solar plants have been operational in India in recent years and there is potential for the same in Bangladesh, the initiative by the respective governments have been for nuclear or coal-based plants.  Such initiatives are being fought against by citizens and various organizations.


Rooppur Nuclear Power Plant
 in Bangladesh – 2016

This is a 2.4 GW ( two 1200 MW) nuclear power plant to be built with Russian assistance at an estimated cost of USD12.65 billion. The general contract was signed in December 2015, and although the government of Bangladesh claims it will be operational by 2022, it is likely to take twice as much time before it is operational.

Solar Energy may be a better alternative that is not being pursued. Potential solar energy in Bangladesh has been estimated at 50, 174 MW. Solar energy projects may be operational much earlier than a nuclear plant and be far less risky. Solar energy would cost an estimated 4.54 taka/kWh, while nuclear energy is 32 taka/kWh (1USD is about 80 taka).

Unsafe at Any Time Fragments Magazine Interview, 2016 October
False Nuclear Hope – HIMAL Article,  2016 August
 

Rampal Coal Based Power Plant ( 2016 )

Two coal-fired power plants have been proposed. Total capacity 1320 MW, situated within a few miles of the world’s largest mangrove forest, the Sundarbans The power plants’ presence could alter the critical water balance in the region and seriously damage the mangrove forest and threaten the well-being 2.5 million people and the animals who call it home. In addition, Rampal power station will produce electricity that will cost 32% more than the average electricity costs in Bangladesh, It is widely seen as a project of India with only 15% Bangladesh finance. 

There has been significant opposition to this project from people of all walks of life, some of whom have received death threats for their opposition to the proposed plant.

References:

Rampal – the plant and India Bangladesh relations. Narada Interview with Prof Anu Muhammad, November 18, 2016

Risky and Over-Subsidised – Report by Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis

Booklet by National Committee to Protect Oil, Gas and Mineral Resources of Bangladesh (ncbd.org, Bangla/English)

SourceWatch

WIKI

Water Issues

India’s Newly Revived River Linking Project 2012

Land Grab and Coal Mining – Phulbari, Bangladesh

Off Shore Drilling – Bangladesh

Farakka and its Effects

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